In the early years of the Western Zhou Dynasty, the Qin ancestors were the sons of the Zhou Dynasty, and they were breeding horses for the Zhou Dynasty. "Ma Da Liu Xi" has outstanding achievements. Zhou Xiaowang was sealed as a restaurant for 8 years (pre-890). In 776 BC, the Qin Emperor moved to Jianye. In 770 BC, the prince escorted the Zhouwang Room to the east of Luojing. It was made up of Zhou Pingwang and was officially sealed as a prince. He became the first capital of the Qin Dynasty until BC. In 762, for 14 years, the Qin people started from the animal husbandry in the mountainous grassland of Lushan Mountain, completing the transition from nomadic to agricultural nationality; it was also the establishment of the vassal state in the Qianhe Plain, and it went to the Guanzhong Plain and unified The whole country. Therefore, the Lushan Mountain and the Qianhe River Basin are the birthplaces of the Qin culture and one of the birthplaces of the Chinese culture of the Chinese nation.
After the reunification of Qin, although the land of Qianshan Qianhe became an ordinary state and county, it was still the gateway to the northwest, and the land of the dynasty was the danger of the whole Qin. It was regarded as the "throat of the throat and the key to the key". Battleground.
In the early Han Dynasty, the nomadic peoples of the Northern Xinjiang were unified in the military empire of the Xiongnu, and the Laoshan area at that time was an important pastoral area owned by the Han Dynasty before the expansion of the Han Dynasty. The incoming Liangma Jiayu in the Western Region was able to multiply here and meet the needs of military activities. It is said that more than 300,000 horses were shepherded in the Guanshan area during the Han Dynasty. Huo went to the hospital for the first time at the age of 20, and the first time he rushed to attack the Huns. He went through the Guanshan Mountain and went west along the Qilian Mountain. He traveled long distances and triumphantly returned. At the time of the Tang Dynasty, the Guanshan Wrangler Industry was more developed, and the imperial court established the Longmeng Maji Superintendent. Wang Hou’s private herdsmen were also stocked here. The Han and Tang dynasty of Chinese history must also include the majestic appearance of the Han and Tang dynasties from the Guanshan grassland.
After the Tang Dynasty, the Wrangler industry gradually declined. In 1958, Jixian County established the state-owned Guanshan Racecourse, introduced the Kyrgyz Mare, selected the Latvian stallion for hybridization, and cultivated the "Guanzhongma", which enabled the horses here to reproduce the characteristics of the Hantangma.
Guanshan history is a specific historical and cultural form connected with the development of Chinese social history under the constraints of Guanshan's specific natural environmental conditions. The Guanshan Mountains extend to the north and south, the main peak of Liupan Mountain and the 2,452 meters of Micang Mountain in the north, and the main vein of Qinling in the south. For the agricultural culture, the nomadic culture, the Han culture, the minority culture, the important demarcation and transition zone of the central government and the local state power, the collision of culture and the growth and decline of rights have strengthened the geographical value of the Guanshan area, the crossing of ancient roads, and the importance of customs. The military strategists must form a unique cultural symbol of Guanshan. The records of Guanshan historical events began in the Qin and Han Dynasties and flourished in the Tang and Song Dynasties. They stretched over the modern times and lasted for thousands of years, making the word Guan Shan synonymous with the refers to the border crossings in the Chinese language. The name of the mountain is named after the official. And the world.
Guanshan June is a frosty frost, and the wild old spring does not see flowers. The cold weather makes the Guanshan grassland cool and warm. There is no obvious summer in the whole year, the spring and autumn are connected, the winter is long, and the annual rainfall can reach 700mm. The scenic meadow is rich, the valley is slow. Wide, the top of the mountain is round, the ridge is undulating, the green is like a blanket, and it stretches wide. There are more than ten channels of water flowing all the year round, and the twists and turns are in the wide valley, without any human pollution. The water is clear, the flow is stable, the air is fresh, the climate Pleasant, forming a unique landscape of natural tourism resources.
The landscape of natural tourism resources in Guanshan Scenic Area, the landscape skeleton of the scenic spot is constructed by the mountainous peaks, ridges, wide valleys and gentle slopes; the main color of the scenic area is composed of contiguous forest and meadow grassland; Tanchi constitutes the landscape pulse of the scenic spot; it is composed of blue sky and white clouds and various sky-like landscapes; the fresh air and cool and pleasant climate constitute the scenic atmosphere of the scenic spot.
The combination of tourism resources is different from the Qinling Mountains in the south and the Loess Plateau in the east, north and west. The hills are undulating and have no sharp peaks. The river valleys are open and have the beauty of soft curves. The dense forests are full of green colors, and the green grasses are beautifully presented. The wind, the stream snake, the sky blue and white, the air is fresh, the landscape level is very rich, the composition is harmonious, the strange and beautiful. Therefore, the landscape combination of natural tourism resources in Guanshan Scenic Area presents a harmonious beauty and beauty rhyme.
Hawthorn landform landscape - Hawthorn landform landscape has no sharp peaks and abruptness, but it has a beautiful and simple style. It is different from the southern Qinling Mountains and the surrounding Loess Plateau. It is called "the seesaw is full of thousands of trees, only relevant The mountain is beautiful."
The trough-like landscape--the trough-like landscape shows a very open and gentle U-shaped section. There is no obvious valley line and slope line. The shape is rich in soft curves.
Forest landscape - rich forest landscape viewing, looking up at the top of the mountain green trees wearing a lush green, overlooking the mountains and forests of the sponges and the layers of the linden, the myopia of the forest, the vines and the air are fresh.
Grassland landscape - the grassland landscape is the most unique, concentrated in the valley bottom slope, contiguous distribution, high quality and quantity, magnificent, rare in the temperate mountainous region, rare in the eastern monsoon region, driving horses galloping, grass walking, small seats, wonderful Words.
River landscape and valley forest grass landscape - river and valley forest grass landscape features complement each other, no Yongquan waterfall, but the meandering, charming and beautiful, more beautiful landscape. Tianxiang landscape--the unique landscape of Tianxiang, Guanshan Snow "distance to the west of Qianlibai", Guanshanyue "Mingyue Zhaoguanshan, autumn wind people are not yet", Guanshan Day "Rising Sun Spraying Golden Light", Guanshan Mist" Mongolian Covered Hill Such as Wonderland ", Guan Shanyu" as the silk is like a bamboo fun, "Guanshantian" blue grass green clouds and beautiful scenery. The climate resources are cool and humid, making it a great place for summer vacations.
The Guanshan grassland is like the "Senebian frontier". The spring grassland is yellow, the summer mountain flowers are blooming, the autumn forest is full of dyeing, the winter is snowy, the seasons are changing, the scenery is beautiful, the weather is magnificent, and it is magnificent. It is a wonderful place for leisure and holiday. It is a perfect place for leisure and holiday.
Guanshan is located in the foothills of Shandong, Shaanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu and Ningxia. The northwest gate of Qinchuan and the natural barrier of the Sanqin West are the important stations of the ancient Silk Road. The Guanzhong Plain in the east and the Luxi Mountain in the west. It is surrounded by Liupan Longmai in the north and the main ridge of Qinling in the south. The terrain is high in the south and low in the north, with an altitude of 2,200 meters. It has a transition from mountain to plain.
Guanshan is located in the southwest of Pixian County, 140 kilometers away from Baoji in the east, 300 kilometers away from Xi'an, the provincial capital, 260 kilometers away from Tianshui City, Gansu Province in the west, Malu Town in Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous County of Gansu Province in the west, and Xiangquan Township in Chencang District in the south. The province is bordered by the two counties of Jixian and Zhangjiachuan. The traffic in the scenic spot is convenient. The Baozhong Railway and the Dahanhai Line of the Great Arteries pass through each other. The Baohan Expressway is connected to the Eurasian Great Passage and the Lianhuo Expressway. It is built on the plaque and is a bright pearl embedded in the ancient Silk Road.
“Improved Shaanxi • 2017 Tourism Influence, Top Ten Photography Places”, “Provincial Employment Poverty Alleviation Base”, Provincial Peaceful Scenic Spot”, “Baoji City Tourism Quality Excellent Unit”, “City-level Employment and Entrepreneurship Demonstration Base”, “City-level Civilization” The title of “Unit”, “Minister Quality Award”, “Ji County Entrepreneurship Incubation Base”, and “Excellent Enterprise of Jixian County for Helping Poverty Alleviation and Donation Activities”.